Triad of Impairments
Asperger syndrome (AS) is a development disorder which is usually characterized with difficulties in the following areas:-
People with Asperger's may often sound very precise and may use expressive language, tone of voice may show little inflection and . They can sometimes come across as insensitive and blunt in conversation with others, with peers they may lack the understanding of turn taking. One of the biggest communication problems can often be with their actual interpretation of words and taking them too literally, for example one area of difficulty may arise with the use of idioms which are used in everyday conversations such as "Has the cat got your tongue", "Give us a hand", and "Use your head".
People with Asperger's Syndrome can sometimes have great difficulty in understanding social etiquette and nonverbal signals.They may try hard to be sociable and do not as some people assume, dislike human contact. They need to be taught what comes as second nature to others, which is to understand body language, voice intonation and facial expressions.
Many children with Asperger's enjoy the repetition of certain actions for example, arranging toys according to size and colour, making a pattern with wooden blocks, having a set routinewhen engaged in play Very little imaginary play occurs at a young age although this does happen as the child gets older.
People with Asperger syndrome may sometimes be over sensitive to certain sounds that sometimes may be inaudible to others. Senses such as smells, taste and also touch may become hypersensitive or hyposensitive.Hyperacusis is an area of concern for some people that are sensitive or show sensitivity to sound, it can mainly be the high frequencies that present particular problems. Once it has been established by by a professional that Hyperacusis is present, there can be ways to retrain or desensitize the hearing usually involving the patient listening to a pink noise CD. To briefly summarize, pink noise has been found to be very helpful in retraining ears to re-establish their tolerances to sound. This is usually carried out via various methods special custom fitted hearing appliances or listening to a CD player. Both methods can help the hyperacusis patient but they are not a cure.