For a full Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV) criteria click here this one has been taken from a posting on the web.It was only officially recognised for the first time as a diagnostic catergory in the DSM IV in 1994 in the fourth edition . Because of this many children were previously mis-diagnosed in the past as ADD/HD, OCD, and even schizophrenic. Now as a consequence Asperger Syndrome is likely to be considerably more common than was previously thought.
Asperger syndrome is a developmental disorder which is found on the autistic spectrum, it may be genetic in its causation, people with this disorder can have low to high IQ yet show a low social performance and have difficulty with emotional awareness, with an inability of adhering to unwritten social rules which comes naturally to most people. Asperger syndrome is now more common than generally realised and can affect 1 person in 250 with the majority of people affected being male, some of the areas in which people with asperger syndrome may struggle will come under the triad of impairment there are abnormalities or deviations in three aspects of development -communication, social interation imagination. Aspreger syndrome is relatively new catergory of development disorder despite being recognised in 1940 by Hans Asperger, it was only officially recognised in 1994 in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Asperger Syndrome is not widely recognized by the general public or even by health care providers, Studies do show that Asperger syndrome is far more common in boys than in girls. It is quite commonly associated with other types of diagnosis, tourettes, ADHD mood problems and also depression. There may also be genetic factors to take into consideration, sometimes a parent may show traits or even the ful criteria of Asperger syndrome., With the social awkwardness, the intense obsessive interests often appear to be in specific intellectual areas with lack of spontaneous interest to share with others. Misinterpretation of literal meaning, clumsy body language these are just a few of the traits that can be found in a person diagnosed with AS.
More and more adults seem to be coming through and are found to be presenting the symptoms of AS even quite late on in life, as the following link will show how a man of 57 years old is finally diagnosed as having Asperger syndrome click here to read the story this is an external link remember to click back at the top left hand side of page in order to return to this page. Adults with asperger syndrome recognizing the signs click here for article The Cambridge Lifespan Asperger Syndrome Service(CLASS), an organization in the United Kingdom that works with adult (age 18 or older) Asperger's patients has developed a simple ten question checklist to help identify those individuals who fit the common characteristics of Asperger's patients.
Dr Lorna Wing is an English psychiatrist and physician, and is the author of a great many books and academic papers. She is particularly well known as the author of Asperger's Syndrome: a Clinical Account, a 1981 academic paper that popularised the research of Hans Asperger and introduced the term Asperger's Syndrome.
A. Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:
marked impairments in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction
failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people (e.g. by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people)
lack of social or emotional reciprocity
B. Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:
encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus
apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals
stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g., hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole-body movements)
persistent preoccupation with parts of objects
C. The disturbance causes clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning
D. There is no clinically significant general delay in language (e.g., single words used by age 2 years, communicative phrases used by age 3 years)
E. There is no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or in the development of age-appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior (other than social interaction), and curiosity about the environment in childhood
F. Criteria are not met for another specific Pervasive Developmental Disorder or Schizophrenia